As regards tradition and the numbers it has employed down through the ages, textile manufacture has been one of this country’s most important areas of economic endeavour since ancient times.
Bistra’s textile department was founded in order that the tools, devices and processing techniques that were used by artisans, tradesmen and industry through the ages, could be gathered together, refurbished and studied in order to reveal the history and development of textile manufacture across this culturally and geographically diverse land.
The beginnings of the textile collection date back to 1961 when the TMS took possession of fulling and smoothing devices, which came from a workshop in Lepa Njiva near Mozirje in the Upper Savinja Valley. The first permanent exhibition was opened in November 1975, and the augmentation of the collection as well as the renovation of the premises has been underway since 2001.
Visitors to this section of the museum are first acquainted with a brief history of textile technology in Slovenia, together with a display of the different types of fabric produced.
The first room displays a range of devices and techniques used in defining the properties of a given textile. They include a variety of physical, mechanical, chemical and biological tests aimed at determining the characteristics and quality of fibres as well as the fabrics manufactured from them. Such examinations are typically carried out at different stages of textile production. Items such as a stamp mill, brake and comb, which pertain to the treatment of flax and hemp fibres, are displayed in an adjacent room.
In the next room spinning and weaving – two of the oldest of crafts – are introduced.
There follows three exhibitions dedicated to the history of knitting, hat making and tailoring. Visitors are introduced to the history of knitting techniques, whereas the exhibits serve as an illustration of a craftsman's workroom. The reconstruction of a mid-20th century hatter's workshop displays the manufacturing procedures used as well as the evolution of hat - and straw-hat - making in our country. The final room in this section provides an insight into the development of tailoring in Slovenia.
The exhibition, which is on display from December 2012, shows the evolution of one of the most important industries in the Slovenian economy. In the first part, we present the foundation, operation and development of the first mechanical spinning mills and weaving mills in the 19th century and working conditions. In the second part of the track we follow rapid development of textile industry between World War I and II. At the beginning of World War II, there were 67 textile factories on Slovenian territory. Maribor, Kranj have become the major textile centers in Slovenia.
4,50 / 2,40 EUR
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