The exhibition is housed in the museum's first room, the rectangular shape of which recalls that of a basilica. Inside this space, the objects are placed in such a way as to reflect their actual position inside the church. The column bases rest on the floor, while the capitals are held up high by metal supports. The ambo occupies its usual place, while parapet slabs and columns form a low chancel screen of the Early Christian type along the room's width. Several other objects are grouped typologically (sculpture, mosaics, wall-paintings etc) or by provenance (objects from specific monuments, such as the Acheiropoietos of Thessaloniki, Saint Demetrios of Thessaloniki, Saint Paraskevi at Kozani and the September 3rd basilica at Thessaloniki), thus connecting the exhibition with the actual monuments.
The exhibition was co-funded by the European Union, RAFAEL programme. It was organised as part of the European Science Foundation's "The Transformation of the Roman World, AD 400-900" research programme, which also included exhibitions mounted by four other European Museums.