The Gallery of the Academy was founded by the will of the Grand-duke Leopoldo di Lorena, who set out its constitution in 1784. The Gallery was designed to host a collection of ancient and modern paintings and sculptures, in order to facilitate the knowledge and study of the students of the Academy of Fine Arts.
Today the Gallery contains very important collections of paintings by Masaccio, Piero della Francesca, Perugino, Fra' Bartolomeo, as well as well-known works by Michelangelo.
It includes a unique set of paintings with golden backgrounds, covering the period from the end of the 4th or the beginning of the 5th century until the 15th century.
Furthermore we can find a collection of historical musical instruments, some of which are the only surviving example of their type.
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