Bracara Augusta was a planned city in the centre of the territory of the Bracari, in 16-15 BC and it was the only city created by the Emperor Augustus in the present day national geographical area.
In terms of urbanism by the end of the 1st century, beginning of the 2nd the city reached its maximum size. It then underwent a significant urban renewal. The end of the 3rd century – beginning of the 4th was marked by great renewal, probably because the city became the capital of the province of Galecia.
The biggest construction of this epoch was the surrounding wall similar to the ones in other provinces, which probably followed a plan for military defence of the Western Roman Empire.
The centre of the city of Bracara Augusta was located in the present day hill of Alto da Cividade. The forum was situated on the highest point and was the centre of political, religious and cultural life. Close to it there must have been a basilica.
It is possible that the city had another forum of a more commercial nature, which was situated near the present Cathedral. It was probably associated with a temple dedicated to the goddess Isis.
The public baths, also located on the hill of Alto da Cividade, is the best studied roman building of the city. Its construction and the theatre dates from the beginning of the 2nd century.
The House of Carvalheiras, a roman domus, is the most striking example of private architecture in Bracara Augusta.
Situated near the forum, this house was built during the Flavian period (69-96) and remodelled in the first half of the 2nd century, when a bathhouse was built, and at the end of the 3rd / beginning of the 4th century and probably abandoned in the beginning of the 5th century.
It was divided into two different functional areas, in two platforms connected by an interior stairway, with separate entrances: around the atrium were the reception rooms. And around the peristilo where the most private spaces of the house.
To the south and east there was a pedestrian precinct with porticos that gave direct access to the shops.
The exhibition venue on google maps: